Tzu says: Military action is important to the nation - it is the ground of death and life, the path of survival and destruction, so it is imperative to examine it.
Tzu says: The Way means inducing the people to have the same aim as the leadership, so that they will share death and share life, without fear of danger.
Tzu says: If the people are treated with benevolence, faithfulness, and justice, then they will be of one mind, and will be glad to serve.
Tzu says: A general must consider these things: 1) Weather - means the seasons. 2) Terrain - is to be assessed in terms of distance, difficulty or ease of travel, dimension, and safety. Know the lay of the land. 3) Leadership is a matter of intelligence, trustworthiness, humaneness, courage, and sternness. 4) Discipline - means organization, chain of command, and logistics. Troops must be grouped in a regulated manner. Chain of command means that there must be officers to keep the troops together and lead them. Logistics means overseeing supplies.
5) Moral influence - You must have the will of the people, otherwise, you'll have no reinforcements. If you are losing, you will lose the support of the people.
Note: War is a means to an end - won via politics. The Way means virtue. It is first necessary to compare the political leadership of nations at war. Therefore, use these assessments for comparison, to find out what the conditions are. That is to say, which political leadership has the Way? Which general has ability? Who has the better climate and terrain? Whose discipline is effective? Whose troops are the stronger? Whose officers and soldiers are the better trained? Whose system of rewards and punishments is clearer? This is how you can know who will win.
Tzu says: To move your enemy, entice him with something he is certain to take. Thus, control your enemy's maneuvers.
Tzu says: Put the army in the face of death where there is no escape, and they will not flee or be afraid - there is nothing they cannot achieve. Death ground is where Tzu wants his army. They will transform.
Eisenhower used this at Normandy, as well as deception.
Tzu says: All war is deception. Germans didn't know where or when the American allies would land. Normandy was not a direct attack, and the Germans were convinced that the allies would not land at Normandy. The allies created a fake army that could be seen and heard; with balloon tanks, they made tracks that could be seen by air.
Tzu says: Spies are everywhere. It is essential to seek out enemy agents who have come to spy against you, and bribe them to serve you. Double agents shouldn't be executed, but bribed with lavish reward, to feed back to the enemy disinformation.
Tzu says: The way a wise general can achieve greatness beyond ordinary men is through foreknowledge. Gain your enemies intention and perceptions, then use double agents to feed that perception back to your enemy.
Tzu says: where a falcon's strike breaks the body of its prey, it is because of timing. When torrential water tosses boulders, it is because of momentum. **Fight together and never give up.** (Normandy)
Tzu says: It is essential for victory that generals are unconstrained by their leaders. However, they must not commit atrocities or they will lose the people. General Sherman's Total War Tactics.
Tzu says: Make your enemy prepare on his left and he will be weak on his right.
After landing on the beaches of Normandy, the 2000 year old hedges kept the allies from using tactical maneuvers. Men fought each other in small groups of hand-to-hand combat. The Germans called it - the War of the Rats. Since the Muslim Brotherhood has at least 22 Muslim Paramilitary Training Camps, 5000 terror cells, and ISIS refugees, now inside the U.S., fighting them will be a war of the rats. The Brotherhood is well trained. Unless the Muslim Brotherhood captures U.S. Military bases, inside the U.S., they won't have tanks. However, the Chinese 12 military bases stationed in Mexico, do. Since Al Qaeda/ISIS taught the Mexican drug cartels how to tunnel into the U.S., expect that the Muslim Paramilitary Training Camps have tunnels through which they are transporting soldiers and weapons/ammo/explosives. The entrances of those tunnels must be found and blocked, before attacking the gates.
Tzu says: Behave like the snake, when the head is attacked, the tail circles round and attacks the enemy. When the tail is attacked, the head circles back. When the middle is attacked, the head and tail circle in together. Communications is paramount. Key, the winning army realizes the conditions for victory, first, then fights. The losing army fights first, then seeks victory. Lesson of General Custer at the Little Big Horn, he ran helter skelter into the enemy camp not knowing how many of the enemy there were.
Lesson of General Robert E. Lee: he failed at Gettysburg - because he engaged without having full knowledge, how many troops, how well armed, what condition of those troops, etc.
The Civil War lasted too long; it was America's deadliest war, 620,000 died. It effected every American. Whenever Turkey Buzzards saw an army, hundreds would followed overhead, knowing the battlefield would be covered with dead and wounded, and they could pluck out their eyes and eat the inners. That is what war is. On the Northern side alone, battlefield hospitals amputated 40,000 arms and legs, only 24,000 under anesthesia. Doctors didn't wash their hands. Death rates were staggering. This is why Sun Tzu advocates not going to war in the first place.
The vision of Gen. George Washington was: There would be three wars fought on U.S. soil, the third would be the bloodiest of the three.
Gen. Lee decided to fight in Northern territory, while the Union Army defended Washington, DC. Plan was to destroy as many Union military camps as possible. Camp Curtin was the largest military supply depot in the North. This was a political fight, to discourage the people of the North in the faith of the war.
Gen. Lee gives up his strategic aim, after hearing of a major Union force is in Gettysburg. He mistakenly allows operational developments to drive strategy. He moved into Gettysburg without sending a calvary recognizance force to verify the information, numbers of troops, etc.
Tzu says: Move only when you see an advantage and there is something to gain. Only fight if a position is critical.
If orders are unclear - it is the fault of the general. Gen. Lee gave unclear orders, at Gettysburg.
Tzu says: If the enemy occupies high ground, do not attack. If he attacks downhill, do not oppose him. (Find another way to attack the enemy.)
BE AWARE: In a civil war, combat is up close and personal. You see the wounds you inflict, thus, the battle must be worthy of the fight.
Tzu says: there are some armies that should not be fought. Some ground that should not be contested.
Never throw good money after bad. If a strategy is not working, retreat to fight another day, under better circumstances. Never use an attack to rescue a defeat (Pickett's Charge). Use an attack to exploit victory.
Tzu says: When troops flee, are insubordinate, collapse or are routed in battle, it is the fault of the general.
Tzu's mind, victory comes from deep thinking, preparation, deception, and indirect attacks.
Tzu says: War is a matter of vital importance to the state - it is a matter of life and death, survival or ruin.
Ask yourself: Are the reasons for which you are fighting worth the total cost of the war? The American Revolution was to gain independence from a tyrannical monarchy. The Civil War was an economic war between Northern politicians and Southern politicians - Robber Barons.
If there is no political resolution to the lost of sovereignty, culture, language, and borders, then war may be considered. Most importantly, cultivate a deep recognition and understanding of the enemy must be achieved, first. At the same time, know our strengths and weaknesses and what we are capable of doing on the battlefield. In the United States, there will be many types of terrain used as the battlefield...know the lay of the land.
ISIS uses civilians as cover in Middle East battles; they may capture U.S. Military bases, and use our unarmed soldiers as cover. More than likely, they will use a gorilla strategy to attack, one town at a time, using American civilians as cover. Study the enemy.